Suspension and Expulsion Rates

State Performance Plan Indicator 4

Students with backpacks

SPPI 4: Measurement

State Performance Plan Indicator (SPPI) 4 measures rates of suspension and expulsion:

A. Percent of local education agencies (LEAs) that have a significant discrepancy, as defined by the State, in the rate of suspensions and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a school year for children with individualized education programs (IEPs); and

B. Percent of LEAs that have: a) a significant discrepancy, as defined by the State, by race or ethnicity, in the rate of suspension and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a school year for children with IEPs; and (b) policies,
procedures, or practices that contribute to the significant discrepancy and do not comply with requirements
relating to the development and implementation of IEPs, the use of positive behavioral interventions and
supports, and procedural safeguards.

SPPI 4: Calculation

Local Education Agency Significant Discrepancy
Indicator 4A:

The State's definition of "significant discrepancy" provides that any local education agency (LEA) meeting the State's established minimum size requirement (MSR) and exceeding the established risk ratio threshold of greater than 3.0 (3 times the rate of non-disabled students) for out of school suspensions and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a single school year for children with IEPs would be identified as such. To be included in this measurement, an LEA must have at least 30 total students served in special education during the school year measured on applicable attendance reported AND have at least 10 students ages 3-21 served in special education with applicable action codes for out of school suspensions and expulsions that equal more than 10 cumulative school days. If the LEA meets MSR, the rate of students ages 3-21 served in special education with out of school suspensions and expulsions greater than 10 days is divided by the rate of nondisabled students in the same LEA with out of school suspensions and expulsions greater than 10 days to determine the risk ratio. An alternate risk ratio is applied when the target group meets MSR, but the comparison group in the LEA does not meet the MSR requirements. The calculation is performed by dividing the rate of children with disabilities for out of school suspensions and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a single school year within an LEA by the risk of that outcome for nondisabled students in the State. No risk ratio or alternate risk ratio is calculated in a particular category for an LEA if the target group being analyzed does not meet the minimum cell size (10) or minimum n-size (30).
Indicator 4B:
The State's definition of "significant discrepancy" provides that any LEA meeting the State's established minimum size requirement (MSR) and exceeding the established risk ratio threshold of greater than 3.0 (3 times the rate of non-disabled students) for out of school suspensions and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a single school year for children with IEPs in a particular racial/ethnic group would be identified as such. To be included in this measurement, an LEA must have at least 30 total students in a particular racial/ethnic group served in special education during the school year measured on applicable attendance reported AND have at least 10 students ages 3-21 in a particular racial/ethnic group served in special education with applicable action codes for out of school suspensions and expulsions that equal more than 10 cumulative school days. If the LEA meets MSR, the rate of students ages 3-21 in a particular racial/ethnic group served in special education with out of school suspensions and expulsions greater than 10 days is divided by the rate of nondisabled students in the same racial/ethnic group in the same LEA with out of school suspensions and expulsions greater than 10 days to determine the risk ratio. An alternate risk ratio is applied when the particular target group meets MSR, but the comparison group in the LEA does not meet the MSR requirements. The calculation is performed by dividing the rate of children with disabilities in a particular racial or ethnic group for out of school suspensions and expulsions of greater than 10 days in a single school year within an LEA by the risk of that outcome for nondisabled students in the same racial or ethnic group in the State. No risk ratio or alternate risk ratio is calculated in a particular category for an LEA if the particular racial or ethnic group being analyzed does not meet the minimum cell size (10) or minimum n-size (30).

SPPI 4: Data Source

Local education agencies submit discipline data during the summer Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) collection.

States report data for the reporting year or, for some indicators, data from the year prior to reporting year (lag data). The USDE Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) determines indicator reporting years.  SPPI 4 reports data from the year prior to reporting year.

Data Reporting Year

SPPI 4: Resources

State Resources

Special Education Program Reporting
Contact Information

Special Education Program, Policy, Engagement, and Reporting
Phone: (512) 463-9414
Fax: (512) 463-9560
Email: SPP@tea.texas.gov
Monday-Friday (8:00 AM to 5:00 PM)

Office of Special Populations
Phone: (512) 463-9414
Fax: (512) 463-9560
Email: specialeducation@tea.texas.gov
Monday-Friday (8:00 AM to 5:00 PM)

Special Education or IEP-Related Questions?

Consult SPEDTex, the Texas Special Education Information Center. This is a resource backed by TEA to inform and support parents, teachers, and anyone committed to the success of children with disabilities.

Phone: 1-855-SPEDTEX (1-855-773-3839)

Website: www.spedtex.org