Bilingual and English as a Second Language Education

The Division of School Improvement, formerly known as the Program Monitoring and Interventions Division, develops and implements statewide review processes for Bilingual Education and English as a Second Language (BE/ESL) Programs. These review processes monitor compliance with program requirements, promote program effectiveness, and improve outcomes for all students served in BE/ESL. 


Intervention Activities

The agency’s monitoring and intervention activities focus on a data-driven and performance-based system through a continuous improvement model. Activities reflect an emphasis on data integrity and analysis, needs assessment, improvement planning and implementation, monitoring, and progress reporting. 

The BE/ESL program is a part of the Performance-Based Monitoring (PBM) system. PBM uses the Performance-Based Monitoring Analysis System (PBMAS) to assign required intervention activities based on the district's annual performance on individual indicators and patterns across all indicators. Districts must collect and analyze data to identify areas for program improvement. Intervention guidance and resources are available to assist districts in conducting the required interventions.

Texas Accountability Intervention System

All districts staged for PBM interventions must engage in the TAIS. The TAIS is supported by multiple research‐based resources and documents that guide districts and campuses through school improvement. As the state transitions to a more aligned accountability system, the focus shifts to a more integrated process for continuous, sustained improvement. The following districts and campuses will engage in TAIS Interventions:

  • Districts and campuses rated Improvement Required (IR) due to low performance on one or more of the four indexes of the performance index framework
  • Districts and campuses who miss one or more System Safeguard targets
  • Districts staged for interventions in the Performance‐Based Monitoring (PBM) system, which includes multiple and single program areas staged for interventions

The level of support a district or campus receives will be determined by:

  • the current and longitudinal accountability ratings
  • the current and longitudinal history of the PBM stage of intervention
  • the system with the highest level of intervention

On-Site Review 

TEA conducts a targeted on-site review to address concerns related to substantial, imminent, or ongoing risks reflected in current and longitudinal district data. The on-site procedures manual provides information regarding on-site reviews. 

Following an on-site review, the district receives a preliminary on-site report with findings and required actions, which must be presented to the board of trustees or governing board and addressed by the district. 

A district must develop or update a targeted improvement plan in response to an on-site review and other data reviews, based upon findings from all data analysis and needs assessment activities. Findings of noncompliance must be presented to the board of trustees or governing board for discussion and action. Under the requirements of Texas Education Code §7.028(b), the board of trustees of a school district, or the governing body of an open enrollment charter school, has primary responsibility for ensuring that the district, or school, complies with all applicable requirements of state educational programs, including BE/ESL programs.

The authority to conduct on-site reviews is found in

  • Texas Education Code (TEC) §39.056, On-Site Investigations, TEC §39.057, Special Accreditation Investigations,
  • 19 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) §97. 1071, Special Program Performance: Intervention Stages,
  • 19 TAC §97.1072, Residential Facility Monitoring: Determinations, Investigations, and Sanctions, and
  • if applicable, conditions of the charter school contract and federal statutes and guidelines.

Additional Resources

The information below and the documents on the intervention guidance and resources web page help districts and campuses complete required intervention activities.   

System Analysis

The purpose of the system analysis is to conduct a thorough review of the BE/ESL program using the probes and areas for consideration provided on the system analysis resource document. 

Program Effectiveness Review

The purpose of the program effectiveness review is to analyze indicators and data sets that may identify data trends, systemic program issues, or areas of noncompliance with program requirements.