January 25, 2022 Committee of the Full Board Item 5

Proposed Amendments to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter B, Graduation Requirements
(First Reading and Filing Authorization)

January 28, 2022

COMMITTEE OF THE FULL BOARD: ACTION
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION: ACTION

SUMMARY: This item presents for first reading and filing authorization proposed amendments to 19 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter B, Graduation Requirements. The proposed amendments would update the high school graduation requirements to align with Senate Bill (SB) 369 and SB 1063, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021; update course titles; add new courses to satisfy specific graduation requirements; and make technical edits.

STATUTORY AUTHORITY: Texas Education Code (TEC), §§7.102(c)(4); 28.025(a), (b-1), as amended by SB 1063, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021, (b-3), (b-14), (b-17), (c), (c-1), and (c-2); and 28.0256(a) and (b) and (d), as amended by SB 369, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021.

TEC, §7.102(c)(4), requires the State Board of Education (SBOE) to establish curriculum and graduation requirements.

TEC, §28.025(a), requires the SBOE to determine by rule the curriculum requirements for the foundation high school program that are consistent with the required curriculum and requires the SBOE to designate specific courses that are required for the foundation high school program.

TEC, §28.025(b-1), as amended by SB 1063, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021, requires the SBOE to determine by rule specific courses for graduation under the foundation high school program.

TEC, §28.025(b-3), requires the SBOE to approve a variety of advanced English, mathematics, and science courses that can be taken to fulfill the foundation high school program.

TEC, §28.025(b-14), requires the SBOE to allow a student receiving special education services to substitute the languages other than English requirement with two credits in English language arts, mathematics, science, or social studies or two credits in career and technology education, technology applications, or other academic electives.

TEC, §28.025(b-17), requires the SBOE to adopt rules that ensure a student who successfully completes an advanced career and technical education course, including a course that may lead to an industry-recognized credential or certificate or an associate degree may comply with elective requirements for graduation.

TEC, §28.025(c), requires that, in order to receive a high school diploma, a student must complete the curriculum requirements identified by the SBOE and comply with the financial aid application requirement in accordance with TEC, §28.0256.

TEC, §28.025(c-1), requires the SBOE to adopt rules regarding earning an endorsement.

TEC, §28.025(c-2), requires the SBOE to adopt rules for earning an endorsement that include four credits in mathematics and four credits in science.

TEC, §28.0256(a), requires each student to complete and submit a free application for federal student aid (FAFSA) or a Texas application for state financial aid (TASFA) before graduating from high school.

TEC, §28.0256(b), provides an exception to students to opt out of the financial aid application requirement under TEC, §28.0256(a), by submitting a form signed by a parent, guardian, or student aged 18 years old or older, that authorizes the student to decline to comply with the financial aid application graduation requirement. A high school counselor may also authorize a student to decline to comply with the financial aid application graduation requirement for good cause.

TEC, §28.0256(d), as amended by SB 369, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021, specifies that if a school counselor notifies a school district whether a student has complied with the requirement under TEC, §28.0256(a) or (b), the school counselor may only indicate whether the student has complied with this section and may not indicate the manner in which the student complied. A school counselor may not indicate that a student has not complied with the requirement if the school district or charter school fails to provide the form.

The full text of statutory citations can be found in the statutory authority section of this agenda.

EFFECTIVE DATE: The proposed effective date of the proposed amendments is August 1, 2022. Under TEC, §7.102(f), the SBOE must approve the rule action at second reading and final adoption by a vote of two-thirds of its members to specify an effective date earlier than the beginning of the 2022-2023 school year. The earlier effective date will allow districts of innovation that begin school prior to the statutorily required start date to implement the proposed rulemaking when they begin their school year.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND JUSTIFICATION: SB 367, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021, amended TEC, §28.0256(d), to specify that a school counselor may not indicate that a student has not complied with the financial aid requirement for high school graduation if the school district or open-enrollment charter school fails to provide an opt-out form to the student or the student's parent or other person standing in parental relation to the student. Section 74.11 would be updated to add the new statutory provision.

SB 1063, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021, amended TEC, §28.025(b-1), to add a personal financial literacy and economics course as an option to satisfy graduation requirements for social studies under the foundation high school program. Section 74.12 would be updated to add the new credit option.

At the November 2020 SBOE meeting, the board approved for second reading and final adoption 19 TAC Chapter 116, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Physical Education. The effective date for the new Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for physical education is August 1, 2022. The board approved the inclusion of new TEKS for three new high school physical education courses in Lifetime Fitness and Wellness Pursuits, Lifetime Recreation and Outdoor Pursuits, and Skill-based Lifetime Activities that will replace Foundations of Personal Fitness, Adventure/Outdoor Education, Aerobic Activities, and Team or Individual Sports. Section 74.12 would be updated to add the new physical education courses to satisfy specific graduation requirements.

At the June 2021 SBOE meeting, the board approved for second reading and final adoption 19 TAC §112.51, Specialized Topics in Science, with an effective date of August 1, 2022. The board also amended the title of the Earth and Space Science course to Earth Systems Science. Section 74.12 and §74.13 would be updated to add the new course and update the course title to satisfy specific graduation requirements.

At the September 2021 SBOE meeting, the board began revising career and technical education (CTE) courses currently codified in 19 TAC Chapter 130. Due to the current structure of Chapter 130, there are not enough section numbers available to add all of the proposed new courses in their assigned subchapters. To accommodate the addition of these new courses and future courses, the CTE TEKS in Chapter 130 are being moved to existing 19 TAC Chapter 127, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Career Development, and that chapter is being renamed "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Career Development and Career and Technical Education." The move of CTE subchapters from Chapter 130 to Chapter 127 will take place over time as the TEKS in each subchapter are revised. The board approved new 19 TAC Chapter 127, Subchapters G, I, J, M, and O, for first reading and filing authorization at the September 2021 SBOE meeting. Section 74.11 and §74.13 would be updated to reflect the move of CTE TEKS from Chapter 130 to Chapter 127 as well as the proposed new title for Chapter 127.

The attachment to this item reflects the text of proposed amendments to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Subchapter B, for consideration by the SBOE for first reading and filing authorization.

FISCAL IMPACT: TEA has determined that there are no additional costs to state or local government required to comply with the proposal.

LOCAL EMPLOYMENT IMPACT: The proposal has no effect on local economy; therefore, no local employment impact statement is required under Texas Government Code, §2001.022.

SMALL BUSINESS, MICROBUSINESS, AND RURAL COMMUNITY IMPACT: The proposal has no direct adverse economic impact for small businesses, microbusinesses, or rural communities; therefore, no regulatory flexibility analysis specified in Texas Government Code, §2006.002, is required.

COST INCREASE TO REGULATED PERSONS: The proposal does not impose a cost on regulated persons, another state agency, a special district, or a local government and, therefore, is not subject to Texas Government Code, §2001.0045.

TAKINGS IMPACT ASSESSMENT: The proposal does not impose a burden on private real property and, therefore, does not constitute a taking under Texas Government Code, §2007.043.

GOVERNMENT GROWTH IMPACT: TEA staff prepared a Government Growth Impact Statement assessment for this proposed rulemaking. The proposed rulemaking would expand an existing regulation by updating the high school graduation requirements to align with SB 369 and SB 1063, 87th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2021; update course titles; add new courses to satisfy specific graduation requirements; and make technical edits.

The proposed rulemaking would not create or eliminate a government program; would not require the creation of new employee positions or elimination of existing employee positions; would not require an increase or decrease in future legislative appropriations to the agency; would not require an increase or decrease in fees paid to the agency; would not create a new regulation; would not limit or repeal an existing regulation; would not increase or decrease the number of individuals subject to its applicability; and would not positively or adversely affect the state's economy.

PUBLIC BENEFIT AND COST TO PERSONS: The proposal would add flexibility in course options for students to meet high school graduation requirements. There is no anticipated economic cost to persons who are required to comply with the proposal.

DATA AND REPORTING IMPACT: The proposal would have no new data and reporting impact.

PRINCIPAL AND CLASSROOM TEACHER PAPERWORK REQUIREMENTS: TEA has determined that the proposal would not require a written report or other paperwork to be completed by a principal or classroom teacher.

PUBLIC COMMENTS: The public comment period on the proposal begins February 25, 2022, and ends at 5:00 p.m. on April 1, 2022. The SBOE will take registered oral and written comments on the proposal at the appropriate committee meeting in April 2022 in accordance with the SBOE board operating policies and procedures. A request for a public hearing on the proposal submitted under the Administrative Procedure Act must be received by the commissioner of education not more than 14 calendar days after notice of the proposal has been published in the Texas Register on February 25, 2022.

MOTION TO BE CONSIDERED: The State Board of Education:

Approve for first reading and filing authorization proposed amendments to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter B, Graduation Requirements.

Staff Members Responsible:
Monica Martinez, Associate Commissioner, Standards and Support Services
Shelly Ramos, Senior Director, Curriculum Standards and Student Support

Attachment:
Text of Proposed Amendments to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter B, Graduation Requirements