This page provide the definitions and laws related to bullying and cyber-bullying. There are also links to resources to assist in educating others about bullying and cyber-bullying.
occurs when a person is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions
on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she has difficulty
defending himself or herself. It is aggressive behavior that involves
unwanted, negative actions. It involves a pattern of behavior repeated
over time. It involves an imbalance of power or strength.
involves the use of information and communication technologies to support
deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group, that is
intended to harm others. "Cyber-bullying" is when a child, preteen, or
teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed, or otherwise
targeted by another child, preteen, or teen using the Internet, interactive and
digital technologies, or mobile phones. It has to involve a minor on both sides or
at least have been instigated by a minor against another minor. Once adults
become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking.
Adult cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking is never called cyber-bullying.
Texas Law Related to Bullying Texas Education Code, Chapter 37
(a); Student Code of Conduct:
requires each independent
school district in Texas to have a local policy that prohibits bullying, harassment, and making hit lists and ensures that district
employees enforce those prohibitions (7); and provides, as appropriate for
students at each grade level, methods, including options, for:
- managing students in the classroom and on school grounds;
- disciplining students; and
- preventing and intervening in student discipline problems,
including bullying harassment and making hit list (8).
The methods adopted under Subsection (a)(8) must provide that a student who is
enrolled in a special education program under Subchapter A, Chapter 29, may not
be disciplined for conduct prohibited in accordance with Subsection (a)(7)
until an admission, review, and dismissal committee meeting has been held to
review the conduct (b-1).
requirements for prohibiting bullying, harassment, and making a hit list are
quite detailed and there is also a requirement in law to require the local
school district policy to “…ensure that district employees enforce those
the requirements of 37.001 (a) (8), the school district must also have
developed specific options under local policy that are appropriate to each
grade level that provide for preventing and intervening in student discipline
problems, including bullying, harassment, and making a hit list.
Texas Education Code Chapter 25,
Section 25.0342 also offers a parents an opportunity to transfer their children to
another campus if their child has been determined by the school to have been
important for each student to report any bullying or threats to the nearest
teacher or adult at school as soon as possible so school officials may take
you have concerns about bullying, meet with the campus principal to express
your concerns. If your child is receiving special education services, go to the
ARD committee to focus on the problem and arrange a plan to intervene at the
campus level. For additional guidance related to addressing your concerns, we
encourage you to visit your district office for clarification.
The following links provide information about bullying and cyber-bullying:
Safely (outside source)
CyberWise (outside source)
Pacer Center’s Kids Against Bullying (outside source)
Pacer Center’s Teens Against Bullying (outside source)
National School Climate Center’s BullyBust (outside source)
U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services, Health Resources and Services
Administration web site (outside source)
The Texas Attorney General’s Office (outside source)
A link to a survey of middle school
students' experiences with bullying (outside source)
Organizations and Hotlines
The following links provide support services to students: