Previous research indicates that after-school programs for students in at-risk situations can significantly improve student outcomes in such areas as academic performance, student attendance rates, and incidence of disciplinary actions. TEA has implemented a number of state and federally funded after-school initiatives in Texas, including the Texas After-School Initiative for Middle Schools (TASI), the Optional Extended Year Program (OEYP), and the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program (21st CCLC).
21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC)
The 21st CCLC program was created under Title IV, Part B of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. Its purpose is to expand the capacity of school districts to create community learning centers that provide additional instruction and support to students and their families in an out-of-school time setting. The program was designed to facilitate greater interaction between schools and communities, to foster greater parental participation in school life, and to increase academic achievement of the students who participate. Additional information can be found at TEA's 21st Century Community Learning Centers page.
Intensive Summer Pilot Programs (ISP)
ISP programs are collaborations between districts and institutions of higher education to provide intensive academic instruction during the summer semester to promote college and workforce readiness for middle school and high school students identified as being at risk of dropping out of school. Intensive summer instruction programs must provide rigorous academic instruction, at least four weeks of instruction, and be designed and implemented in partnerships with an institution of higher education. Additional information can be found at TEA's ISP page.
Optional Extended Year Program
OEYP provides additional support and instruction for students in kindergarten through Grade 11 who have been identified as not likely to be promoted to the next grade by the next school year or for students in Grade 12 who have been identified as unlikely to graduate before the next school year. OEYP enables districts to provide services through extended-day, extended-week, or extended–year programs. Formula-based funding allocations are provided to eligible school districts and charter schools each state fiscal year on a non-competitive basis. The Texas Study of At-Risk Students, conducted by the Texas Center for Educational Research (TCER) and published in December 2004, included an evaluation of the Ninth Grade Success Initiative (NGSI), the Texas After-School Initiative for Middle Schools (TASI), and OEYP. Additional information can be found at TEA's OEYP page.
Texas After-School Initiative for Middle Schools (TASI)
TASI was a state initiative designed to serve middle-school students at risk of academic failure and/or at risk for committing juvenile offenses. TASI-funded after school programs intended to increase academic performance for participating students, reduce referrals to the juvenile justice system, and increase involvement of parents and/or mentors. TEA partnered with the Texas Center for Educational Research (TCER) to conduct an evaluation of this grant program over the 2002-2004 period. Funding for this program was not continued beyond the 2003 - 2004 school year.