The Texas Education Agency is the administrative unit for primary and secondary public education. Agency responsibilities include:
- managing the textbook adoption process;
- overseeing development of the statewide curriculum;
- administering the statewide assessment program;
- administering a data collection system on public school students, staff, and finances;
- rating school districts under the statewide accountability system;
- operating research and information programs;
- monitoring for compliance with federal guidelines; and
- serving as a fiscal agent for the distribution of state and federal funds.
The TEA operational costs are supported by both state and federal funds.
The mission of the Texas Education Agency is to provide leadership, guidance and resources to help schools meet the educational needs of all students and prepare them for success in the global economy. The agency’s mission statement is included in the current strategic plan.
The head of the TEA is the Commissioner of Education, who is supported by a hierarchy of a chief deputy commissioner, a deputy commissioner, associate commissioners, division directors, and agency staff. The TEA Organizational Chart (PDF, 18 KB) illustrates agency hierarchy. You can find more information about agency divisions on the TEA Divisions page.
The State Board of Education (SBOE) guides and monitors activities and programs related to public education in Texas. The SBOE consists of 15 elected members representing different regions of the state. The governor of Texas appoints one member to chair the board.
The State Board for Educator Certification (SBEC) oversees all aspects of the preparation, certification and standards of conduct of public school educators. The board membership includes 11 voting members and three non-voting members. TEA provides staff support to SBEC.
The first Texas public school law was enacted in 1840, setting aside land in every county to support public schools. The state constitution of 1845 provided that one-tenth of the annual state tax revenue be set aside as a perpetual fund to support free public schools. Today, Texas has 1,236 public school districts and charters and more than 4.8 million students. State funding for these schools comes from the Permanent School Fund, which currently provides approximately $1 billion a year to local school districts You can learn more about the history of public education in Texas by downloading the Texas Public Schools Sesquicentennial Handbook.
Location and Contact Information
TEA is in the William B. Travis building at 1701 N. Congress Ave. Detailed contact information is listed on the Contact Us page of this website.