Coordinated School Health Requirements & Approved Programs
A Systemic Approach to Addressing the Needs of Students
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Coordinated School Health Model, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Health is not just the absence of disease – it is complete physical, mental, and social well-being. A school health program that effectively addresses students’ health, and thus improves their ability to learn, consists of many different components. Each component makes a unique contribution while also complementing the others, ultimately creating a whole that is more than just the sum of its parts. Coordinated School Health traditionally includes eight components:
The above components encompass a school's instruction, services, and physical and social environments. Leadership, partnerships, and coordination serve as the "glue" that holds the different pieces together to form a coherent whole. Because individuals, institutions, needs, and resources differ from community to community, no two approaches are expected to look exactly alike. Each new setting will bring together a unique group of people and agencies to determine the specific needs facing young people in their schools and build on the many resources that are already in place to support positive youth development.
Schools by themselves cannot—and should not be expected to—solve the nation’s most serious health and social problems. Families, health care workers, the media, religious organizations, community organizations that serve youth, and young people themselves also must be systematically involved. However, schools could provide a critical facility in which many agencies might work together to maintain the well-being of young people.
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