General Information about Schoolwide Programs

This page provides general information about Title I, Part A schoolwide programs. The page also provides references to specific sections of the relevant federal statute so you can learn more about certain concepts.

Schoolwide programs are authorized by Section 1114 of Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). A schoolwide program allows a campus in which 40 percent or more of its students are from low-income families to use its Title I, Part A funds, along with other federal, state, and local funds, to operate a schoolwide program to upgrade its entire educational program (Section 1114[a][1]). The goal of the program is to improve the academic performance of all students, particularly

  • the lowest-achieving students
  • students at risk of not meeting the state student academic achievement standards
  • students who are members of the target population of any program a campus includes in its schoolwide program.

A campus operating a schoolwide program is not required to identify specific students as eligible to participate in the schoolwide program, or to demonstrate that the services it provides with Title I, Part A funds are supplemental to services that it would provide in the absence of Title I, Part A funds (Section 1114[a][2]). This flexibility is in contrast to a targeted assistance program, in which a campus may only use Title I, Part A funds for supplementary educational services for children identified as being most at risk of not meeting state standards (Section 1115[a]).

Purpose of Schoolwide Programs

The underlying purpose of the schoolwide approach is to enable campuses with high numbers of students at risk of not meeting state standards to combine the services that it funds from federal, state, and local resources. A growing body of evidence shows that it is possible to create campuses in which all students achieve high standards, even when most are poor or disadvantaged. These campuses are most likely to be effective if they make significant changes to the way they deliver services. By making systemic changes to combine services into a comprehensive framework, campuses will have a better chance of increasing the academic success of all of their students.

The schoolwide program model also reflects the following fundamental principles of Title I, Part A, as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB):

  • Accountability for results. In a schoolwide program, the campus shares accountability for results throughout the campus. The campus expects all students to meet the state’s standards, and gives timely, effective, and additional assistance to students who experience difficulty mastering those standards. Teachers use information about student performance and share ways to improve instruction to meet a wide range of student needs. The campus keeps parents informed of individual student achievement and of the campus's progress toward meeting its goals.
  • Research-based practices. Schoolwide programs operate according to a campus improvement plan that contains proven, research-based strategies designed to facilitate schoolwide reform and improvement. The campus bases its professional development activities upon practices proven to be successful in helping teachers improve the quality of their instruction.
  • School and community engagement. Staff in schoolwide programs engage parents and the community in their work as planners, participants, and decision makers in the operation of the campus. The campus bases this collaboration upon a shared vision of the campus’s values and overall mission. These partnerships strengthen the campus’s ability to meet the needs of all students and improve the campus.

When it implements a schoolwide program, a campus may consolidate federal, state, and local funds to implement the campus’s campus improvement plan to upgrade its entire educational program (Section 1114[a][1]). In consolidating state and local funds with funds from Title I, Part A and most other federal elementary and secondary programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education, a schoolwide program campus does not need to meet most of the statutory and regulatory requirements of the federal programs included in the consolidation as long as it meets the intents and purposes of each of those programs (Section 1114[a][3][A], [B]).

Moreover, the campus is not required to maintain separate fiscal accounting records by program that identify the specific activities supported by those particular funds to demonstrate that the activities are allowable under the program (Section [a][3][C]). Each campus, however, must identify the specific programs being consolidated, and the amount each program contributes to the consolidation (Section 1114[b][2][A][iii]). The campus must also maintain records that demonstrate that the schoolwide program addresses the intents and purposes of each of the federal programs whose funds are consolidated to support the schoolwide program (Section 1114[a][3][C]).

Additional Guidance from TEA

Additional guidance about Title I, Part A schoolwide programs is available at the following web pages:

Schoolwide Programs
This is the home page for Title I, Part A schoolwide programs, and provides general information about choosing to implement a schoolwide program, eligibility, and basic requirements.

Schoolwide Programs: Comprehensive Needs Assessment
This page provides detailed information about the required comprehensive needs assessment, including recommended steps to follow.

Schoolwide Programs: Campus Improvement Plan
This page provides detailed information about the required campus improvement plan, including the required accounting and program components.

Schoolwide Programs: Annual Evaluation Plan
This page provides detailed information about the required annual evaluation plan, including recommended steps to follow.

Choosing a Consolidation Option for Schoolwide Programs
This page contains a chart showing the differences between the three ways you can consolidate funds in schoolwide programs.

Fiscal Issues Related to Operating a Schoolwide Program
This page describes various fiscal issues related to operating a schoolwide program, including adequate documentation, appropriate accounting structures, and specific fiscal requirements such as set-asides, supplement not supplant, and time and effort.

 Additional Guidance from USDE 

TEA's web pages summarize the information and requirements given by the U.S. Department of Education. The source documents are available at the links below:

Section 1114 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

Designing Schoolwide Programs, Non-Regulatory Guidance, March 2006 (Word, 452 KB, outside source)

Title I Fiscal Issues, Non-Regulatory Guidance, February, 2008  (Word, 4995 KB, outside source)

Federal Register, July 2, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 127)

Contact Information 

For more information about Title I, Part A schoolwide programs, please contact Anita Villarreal in the Division of Federal and State Education Policy at

For more information about the TEA federal flexibility initiative, please contact Terry Reyes in the Office for Grants and Federal Fiscal Compliance at